Known as the ‘Scottish Alcatraz’, the Bass Rock has held royals, ministers and a few Jacobites for good measure. Approximately 2 kilometres offshore, and 5 kilometres north-east of North Berwick, it is a steep-sided volcanic rock, 107 metres at its highest point, making it the perfect place for a prison.
Many of its first mass prisoners were Covenanters - religious and political opponents of the Stewart’s interference in the Presbyterian church. Between 1672 and 1688, around 40 political and religious prisoners died in the dungeons.
Today the island plays host to the world's largest colony of Northern gannets, more than 150,000 of them, and is described by naturalists as "one of the wildlife wonders of the world”.